A quick look at some of the most common eye diseases diagnosed and treated at Front Range Eye Health Center in Louisville
“Eye disease” is a blanket term that refers to a host of diseases relating to the function of the eye. Below we describe some of the more common types of eye disease and how they are generally treated. For more in-depth information, we can get you in touch with one of our doctors at Front Range Eye Health Center.
Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
Conjunctivitis is commonly referred to as “pink eye”. It is an infection and/or inflammation of the conjunctiva – the thin, transparent tissue covering the white of the eyes and the inside of the eyelids. Conjunctivitis can be infectious (caused by bacteria or viruses), allergic, or toxic (from other irritants like smoke and dust). The infectious form can be highly contagious and is usually accompanied by redness in the white of the eye and increased tearing and/or discharge.
While many minor cases improve within two weeks, some can develop into serious corneal inflammation and threaten sight. If you suspect conjunctivitis, visit one of our doctors at Front Range Eye Health Center for an examination and treatment.
Diabetic Eye Disease
Diabetic eye disease is a general term used for a group of eye problems that can result from having type 1 or type 2 diabetes, including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma.
Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic eye disease, so it is important that you don’t wait for symptoms to appear before having a comprehensive eye exam. Yearly exams for early detection and treatment of diabetic eye disease will dramatically reduce your chances of sustaining permanent vision loss.
Often called “the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is damage to the optic nerve as a result of an increase in the intraocular pressure of the eyes. There are no signs or symptoms in the early stages of the disease. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to a decrease in peripheral vision and eventually blindness.
While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are medications and surgery available that can help halt further vision loss. Early detection and regular eye exams are vital to slowing the progress of the disease.
Macular degeneration is a chronic, progressive disease that gradually destroys sharp central vision due to a deterioration of the macula, a tiny area in the central portion of your retina comprised of millions of light-sensing cells. Because it is so commonly associated with aging, it is also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). There are two forms of AMD called “dry,” most common and with no known treatment aside from vitamin supplementation, and “wet,” less common and treated with intraocular injections or laser. Genetic testing is now available to help identify those most likely to develop “wet” macular degeneration.
In most cases, reversing damage caused by AMD is not possible, but supplements, protection from sunlight, eating a balanced diet and quitting smoking can reduce the risk and progression of macular degeneration. For suggestions, speak with one of our eye doctors at Front Range Eye Health Center.
Front Range Eye Health Center has the experience and equipment necessary to diagnose and often treat the eye diseases detailed above, as well as many other eye diseases, at our office in Louisville. For more information please Request an appointment with one of our doctors, and we’ll be in touch with you shortly.